Sterna Abogados: especialistas en derecho de extranjería. En Madrid.

  • Abogados expertos en Derecho de Extranjería en Madrid
  • Homologación de documentos y tarjetas de estudiantes

    Permiso de residencia por arraigo

  • Derecho de extranjería y casos de residencia de larga duración

    Obtención de la nacionalidad

  • Derechos de los inmigrantes en España

    Ven a España con permiso de trabajo

Sterna Abogados: servicios legales especializados en la movilidad internacional

Sterna Abogados: expertos en extranjería

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Varios consejos para obtener la nacionalidad española

Varios consejos para obtener la nacionalidad española

Varios consejos para obtener la nacionalidad española
  • Costumbres típicas: Vivir en España es sinónimo de relaciones sociales. La mejor manera de integrarse no es otra que conocernos e interactuar con nosotros.
  • Trabajo [en negro]: Es importante intentar trabajar siempre mediando un contrato de trabajo, es decir, de forma transparente y legal. Al fin y al cabo, a la hora de solicitar la nacionalidad, es muy importante poder demostrar que se dispone de recursos económicos estables.
  • Huir de la precipitación: Conviene recordar que para poder solicitar la nacionalidad española es imprescindible haber residido en España durante el mínimo periodo legal exigible. Por el contrario, mientras no se alcance ese mínimo periodo legal, no es posible presentar el expediente, ya que resulta obligatorio cumplir con los plazos.
  • La importancia de un buen asesoramiento: Antes de iniciar los trámites, es importante contar con la asesoría de un buen profesional. Por ello desde nuestro despacho en Madrid de abogados resolveremos todas sus dudas y le ofreceremos ayuda en todos los trámites en los que sea preceptiva.
  • En la paciencia está la virtud: En este tipo de procesos es necesario ser muy, pero que muy, paciente. Así que no desespere, y esboce una sonrisa ante cualquier contratiempo.




SPANISH NATIONALITY APPLICANTS: REQUIRED DOCUMENTATION

SPANISH NATIONALITY APPLICANTS: REQUIRED DOCUMENTATION

Applicants of legal age applying for Spanish nationality must submit the following required documentation: 


1. Standard application form (if you are submitting the application online then you can fill out a digital form on the website)
2. TIE or foreigner identification card (EU citizen foreign residency card or residence certificate from the central foreign registry)
3. Complete copy of valid passport
4. Birth certificate from country of origin- it must be translated and apostilled (must adhere to all international agreements)
5. Criminal background check from country of origin- it must be translated and legalized and it must adhere to all international agreements. You may also submit a certificate of good conduct issued by the competent authorities at the consulate in your country of origin.
6. Marriage certificate- if the applicant is married
7. Proof of bank fee payment
8. Criminal background check from central registry of convicts
9. City registration/census certificate (empadronamiento)- the State will confirm the applicant’s current address
10. Degrees from the Cervantes Institutes- you must submit both the degree from the CCSE exam (constitutional and sociocultural knowledge) and the Spanish language exam (DELE). The DELE language exam will not be necessary in cases where applicants originate from Spanish speaking countries.


Applicants under the age of 14 or under the care of a legal representative applying for Spanish nationality must submit the following documentation: 


1. Standard application form- signed by the legal representative (if you are submitting the application online then you can fill out a digital form on the website)
2. Birth certificate from country of origin- it must be translated and apostilled (must adhere to all international agreements)
3. Complete copy of valid passport or identification documentation in the event that the applicant is a citizen within the Schengen area.
4. Proof of bank fee payment
5. Authorization from the Civil Registry office verifying where the applicant lives
6. Legal representative’s identification documentation
7. Certificate from training center, residence, shelter, or special education center accrediting sufficient level of integration (obligatory for all school-aged children).
8. Foreigner identification card, EU citizen foreign residency card or residence certificate from the Central Foreign Registry.
9. City registration/census certificate (empadronamiento)- the State will confirm the applicant’s current address


Non-emancipated children above the age of 14 but under the age of 18 who are under the care of a legal representative and are applying for Spanish nationality must submit the following documentation: 


1. Standard application form- The application form must be signed by the applicant as well as all legal representatives. If you are submitting the application online, you will be asked for an electronic signature of at least one of the two but you will need to attach a scanned copy of the printed application signed by both parties.
2. Birth certificate from country of origin- it must be translated and apostilled (must adhere to all international agreements)
3. Complete copy of valid passport or identification documentation in the event that the applicant is a citizen within the Schengen area.
4. Proof of bank fee payment
5. Certificate from training center, residence, shelter, or special education center accrediting a sufficient level of integration (obligatory for all school-aged children).
6. Legal representative’s identification documentation- court order clearly establishing representation or identification documentation in cases of minors subject to parental authority
7. Foreigner identification card, EU citizen foreign residency card or residence certificate from the Central Foreign Registry.
8. City registration/census certificate (empadronamiento)- the State will confirm the applicant’s current address

Additional documentation may be required in specific cases. 

Refugees 


1. Foreigner identification card clearly stating applicants refugee status
2. Blue EU passport from the Geneva Convention of 1951 (where applicable)
3. Certificate from the Asylum office or refugee section of the Interior Ministry (this certificate if valid for six months after the date of issue). It must state the following:
• First and last name
• Place and date of birth
• Parent’s names
• Statement that applicant has maintained his status as refugee

Applicants born on Spanish territory 


  • Applicant’s official birth certificate registered in a Spanish Civil Registry 
  • Spanish mother’s or father’s official birth certificate 
  • Applicant’s official birth certificate registered in a Spanish Civil Registry or a judicial resolution or acknowledgement or filiation showing applicant’s adoption by a Spanish citizen. 

Applicants under guardianship or protective interim care 


In cases of family placement, 

• Declaration from the court clearly stating the applicant’s official guardian

In cases of fostering by Spanish Institution, 

• Statement from such institution assuming legal guardianship of the applicant

In cases where the applicant is married to a Spanish citizen, 

• Spaniard´s official birth certificate issued by the Spanish Civil Registry
• Official marriage certificate issued by the Spanish Civil Registry
• Partnership certificate or city registration/census certificate showing both the applicant and his Spanish partner/spouse live together

In cases where the applicant´s widow/widower is a Spanish citizen, 

• Spaniard´s official birth certificate issued by the Spanish Civil Registry
• Official marriage certificate issued by the Spanish Civil Registry- this certificate must be up to date and issued close to the applicant’s nationality application date
• Spouse’s death certificate
• City registration/census certificate showing both the applicant and his spouse lived together up until the time of death

In cases where the applicant is a descendant of a Spanish citizen, 

• Spanish mother’s or father’s official birth certificate
• Grandmother or grandfather’s official birth certificate, only in cases where either one is a parent of a Spanish citizen- In this case you must also submit the descendant mother’s or father’s birth certificate (even if he or she is not Spanish)

In cases where the applicant is a member of the Sephardic community, 

• Documentation accrediting applicant’s link to the Sephardic community according to that established in article 1.2 of Law 12/2015, from the 24th of June, regarding the granting of Spanish nationality to Sephardic Jews originating from Spain.



Translated by: Katherine Pascal
RE-ENTRY PERMITS (PERMISO DE REGRESO)

RE-ENTRY PERMITS (PERMISO DE REGRESO)

If your initial residence card has expired and it is in the renewal stage, then you mut request a re-entry permit (permiso/ autorización de regreso) if you are planning on travelling outside of Spain. In certain cases, if you have been approved for an initial residence card and you have already done fingerprints and applied for the plastic ID card, then you may also request a re-entry permit while you are waiting for the card to be processed.

You will need to make at appointment online to request the re-entry permit at the immigration office or police station.

Make your appointment here: https://sede.administracionespublicas.gob.es/icpplus/index.html 


WHAT TO BRING TO THIS APPOINTMENT: 

EX-13 filled out and signed
Original and copy of passport
Original and copy of residence permit (where applicable)
Original renewal application form stamped + copy (where applicable)
Bank fee paid for in advance (Fee as of November 2015: 10,30€)
Copy of your travel ticket




The re-enty permit is valid for 90 days, so make sure your appointment coincides with your intended travel dates.


Katherine Pascal
REGISTRATION CERTIFICATE FOR FOREIGNERS FROM EU MEMBER STATES

REGISTRATION CERTIFICATE FOR FOREIGNERS FROM EU MEMBER STATES


European Union citizens who plan on residing in Spain for more than three months must request a registration certificate.  If this applies to you and you are in need of assistance, our lawyers at our firm in Madrid can help you out.

The foreigner requesting this certificate must work for paid or self- employment in Spain in order to reside in the country.  The foreigner must also have sufficient resources and economic means to support his or her family so as not to be an unreasonable burden on the social services system. Foreigners must have public or private medical insurance contracted in Spain or one that provides coverage in our country during his or her period of residence.  The insurance company must provided the same coverage as that which is offered by the National Health System.

If the foreigner requesting the EU member registration certificate is a student, he or she must be registered in a public or private educational center, recognized or funded by the educational administration, to either carry out studies or take part in professional training.  He or she must have public or private medical insurance contracted in Spain or one that provides complete coverage in the country.  Finally he or she must also have sufficient resources and economic means so as not to be an unreasonable burden on the social services system during his or her period of residence.


Translated by: Katherine Pascal



Certificado de Registro de extranjeros comunitarios

Certificado de Registro de extranjeros comunitarios

Certificado de Registro de extranjeros comunitarios
Es obligatorio que los ciudadanos de un estado miembro de la Unión Europea que vayan a residir en España durante más de tres meses soliciten su inscripción en el Registro Central de Extranjeros. Si necesita ayuda para realizar este trámite, nuestros abogados están en Madrid para ayudarle.

El derecho de residencia en territorio español se otorga si la persona que lo pide es trabajador por cuenta ajena en España, o por cuenta propia, y además, tiene los medios y recursos suficientes para mantenerse a sí mismo y su familia, de manera que no suponga una carga para la asistencia social de España durante su periodo de residencia. Necesitará un seguro de enfermedad público o privado, contratado en España o en otro país, que proporcione cobertura en España durante su período de residencia equivalente a la proporcionada por el Sistema Nacional de Salud.

Si el ciudadano que solicita el registro es estudiante, debe estar matriculado en un centro público o privado reconocido o financiado por la administración educativa para cursar estudios o formación profesional. También debe contar con un seguro de enfermedad público o privado contratado en España u otro país que proporcione una cobertura completa en España, y poseer los recursos suficientes como para no suponer una carga para la asistencia social de España durante su periodo de residencia.
SEFARDÍES: ACTA DE NOTORIEDAD SOBRE EL CUMPLIMIENTO DE LOS REQUISITOS

SEFARDÍES: ACTA DE NOTORIEDAD SOBRE EL CUMPLIMIENTO DE LOS REQUISITOS

Semanas atrás, colgábamos un vídeo sobre la nueva ley 12/2015, de 24 de junio, sobre la concesión de la nacionalidad española a los sefardíes originarios de España.

En el post de hoy, nos vamos a centrar en el acta de notoriedad que se requiere en relación al cumplimiento de los requisitos.

¿Qué ocurrirá una vez que haya tenido lugar la comparecencia del interesado, y se hayan examinado todos los documentos probatorios aportados? Que el notario considerará si estima o no justificada la condición de sefardí originario de España y la especial vinculación con España del solicitante, expresando su juicio acerca del cumplimiento de los requisitos previstos en el artículo 1 de la citada Ley, y lo expresará mediante acta.

¿A qué estará sujeta dicha acta? A lo dispuesto en el Reglamento Notarial, con las siguientes particularidades:

a) El requerimiento para la instrucción del acta y la declaración por el notario acerca del cumplimiento de los requisitos previstos en el referido artículo 1 se realizarán en un mismo instrumento, que se incorporará al protocolo en la fecha y bajo el número correspondientes al requerimiento inicial.

b) El notario valorará las pruebas documentales pertinentes de entre las previstas en el precepto ya citado y, a la vista de los documentos aportados y de la declaración del requirente, hará constar si se cumplen o no, a su juicio, los requisitos legales.

HEALTH REQUIREMENTS

HEALTH REQUIREMENTS


Everyone who comes to Spain and is not a Spanish national falls under the category of a foreigner. Sometimes border control authorities may impose certain obstacles when dealing with foreigners entering the country.

Depending on the situation, the Interior Ministry at the request of the Ministry of Health, Employment and Immigration may require you to present a health certificate upon arrival at the airport.  The point of this certificate is to prove that you are not suffering from any disease listed in national as well as international health agreements and regulations. This health certificate must be issued in your country of origin by medical services approved by Diplomatic Missions or the Spanish Consular Office.

Where do I get this health certificate?

You must request this document at an office that is approved by either the Diplomatic Missions or Spanish Consular Office.  If it has not been issued by an authorized medical service, it will not be valid.

If you are not able to get the medical certificate in your home country then you have the option to get it done by competent Spanish authorities at the border when you arrive in Spain.

If you want to avoid being quarantined until your health situation has been thoroughly reviewed by border control authorities, we recommend that you contact our law firm in Madrid.  We will inform you on where you have to go to get all the documentation that you need to help facilitate your entry into Spain.


Translated by: Katherine Pascal
Tasas por autorizaciones administrativas

Tasas por autorizaciones administrativas

Tasas por autorizaciones administrativas
Al solicitar ciertas autorizaciones de residencia, trabajo, etc. es posible que sobrevenga la obligación de pagar una tasa. Desde nuestro despacho en Madrid, le asesoramos sobre todos los trámites, exenciones, tasas y trabas que puedan presentársele.

¿Cuándo se está obligado a pagar una tasa? Esto ocurre cuando se tramitan autorizaciones para prorrogar la estancia en España, para residir aquí, autorizaciones de trabajo superior a seis meses, expedición de tarjetas de identidad, visados, etc.

¿Quién está obligado a pagarlas? Aquellos que soliciten el visado, autorizaciones o documentos de identidad. No obstante, en las autorizaciones de trabajo por cuenta ajena debe saber que es su empleador quien debe pagar la tasa, por lo que no se deje engañar, la ley es bien clara cuando dice que todo pacto por el que el extranjero deba pagar esta tasa será nulo. Además, hay algunas nacionalidades y colectivos que tampoco deben pagar: consúltenos, estamos en Madrid para asesorarle.

¿Cuánto se tiene que pagar? Las tasas varían de una autorización a otra y, cada cierto tiempo, el gobierno publica una orden ministerial donde se publican las tasas por cada autorización. Como consecuencia, quien pague la tasa deberá tributar por ella a la Agencia Tributaria. Así que no lo dude, nuestros abogados están aquí para ayudarle con estas operaciones.
TWO ALBANIANS DETAINED FOR IMMIGRATION LAW INFRINGEMENT

TWO ALBANIANS DETAINED FOR IMMIGRATION LAW INFRINGEMENT


The Civil Guard in San Esteban de Gormaz intercepted two Albanian citizens and handed them over to the National Police Brigade in Soria.  They are now in the process of being deported from Spain.

Both individuals were detained this past Friday for alleged infringement of article 53.1. a) Organic Law 4/2000 on the rights and freedoms of foreigners in Spain, considered to be a serious offense. What makes their offense so serious? They were found illegally residing in the country, which means that they were found without a renewed residence permit, an initial residence permit, or with an expired residence permit of 3 months or more (only in cases where the foreigner has not applied to renew the expired permit).

This is why both individuals were handed over to the Soria National Police Brigade where they await for deportation.

If you have doubts regarding how you can regularize your stay in our country, please do not hesitate to contact us in our office in Madrid.


Translated by: Katherine Pascal
SCHENGEN AGREEMENT THIRTY YEAR ANNIVERSARY

SCHENGEN AGREEMENT THIRTY YEAR ANNIVERSARY

The European Union celebrated the Schengen Agreement´s 30th anniversary this past june.  By signing this agreement we achieved the abolition of border control between Member States and the free movement of European citizens within the European area.

Today this situation seems normal to us all but not to those who lived in Europe prior to the signing of the Schengen Agreement who understand the importance of cautioning others about those who seek to create new borders and endanger solidarity.  The Union is stronger thanks to the Schengen Area where the exchange of information amongst national police officers and the ability to defend ourselves is possible.  This is something that is not necessarily common in other countries.

It should be clear that immigration in this day and age is much safer due to this agreement since we have police cooperation that was not there before.  The Schengen Agreement established the abolition of internal physical border controls through the abolition of policies.  It would not be in our best interest to support those who are fighting against EU integration, as they are disregarding minorities by repressing their human rights when they have no choice but to leave their home country in search of a better life.  The European Union should celebrate this breakthrough in immigration that was achieved thirty years ago and never stop fighting to support other countries in need.


Translated by: Katherine Pascal
SEPHARDIC COMMUNITY: CITIZENSHIP THROUGH ACT OF NOTORIETY

SEPHARDIC COMMUNITY: CITIZENSHIP THROUGH ACT OF NOTORIETY

A few weeks ago we posted a video regarding the new law 12/2015 from June 24th 2015, which explained the new procedure which grants Spanish nationality to the Sephardic community.

In this post we are going to focus on the act of notoriety that outlines the requirements that must be fulfilled to carry out this procedure.

What happens after the applicant is interviewed in person and all the documents have been reviewed?

Once this is done the notary will decide if the applicant has a valid justified case based on his special link to Spain and by taking into account the fulfillment of the requirements outlined in article 1 of the above mentioned law.  The notarial act will be drawn up and sent to the Directorate General of Registries and Notaries.  The Directorate will decide to grant or deny the applicant Spanish citizenship.

Before it gets seen by the Directorate General, the file must be thoroughly evaulated by the notary. Based on the Notarial Regulations, the notary must do this in the following manner:


  • The requirement for compiling the notarial act and the notary´s declaration regarding the fulfillment of requirements outlined in article 1 will be expressed in the same document.  This will be added to the protocol with the date and identification number that correspond to the initial request.  
  • The notary will evaluate all supporting documentation according to article 1 along with the applicant´s testimony in order to draw up the notarial act. 



Translated by: Katherine Pascal

FOREIGNERS RIGHT TO VOTE AND STAND FOR ELECTION

FOREIGNERS RIGHT TO VOTE AND STAND FOR ELECTION


Foreign residents in Spain are entitled to vote in local elections if they are citizens of countries that allow Spanish foreign residents to do the same.  There has to be a treaty established stating that it is not a violation to the Law nor the Constitution.  All EU Member State citizens residing in Spain may also vote if they fulfil all the same requirements demanded of Spanish citizens and if they have expressed their wish to exercise their right to vote in our country.

Foreign residents in Spain who want to be a candidate for local elections may do so even if they are not Spanish citizens as long as they are EU Member State citizens or citizens of countries that allow foreign Spanish residents to do the same in their country. Foreign candidates for local elections in Spain must not have been deprived of their voting rights in their Member State or country of origin.

Those convicted or sentenced to deprivation of liberty and in term of imprisonment due to offences of rebellion or terrorism against public administration or state institutions are not eligible to run for election.


Translated by: Katherine Pascal

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